पान:हैदराबाद विमोचन आणि विसर्जन (Hyderabad Vimochan ani Visarjan).pdf/18

विकिस्रोत कडून
हे पान प्रमाणित केलेले आहे.

 यांनीही एकदाच काय ते बोलून सोक्षमोक्ष व्हावा अशा पद्धतीने निझामाला सुनावले. हा पत्रव्यवहार महत्त्वाचा आहे. निझामाने व्हाईसरॉयला २० सप्टेंबर १९२५ रोजी पत्र लिहिले. त्यात निझामाने म्हटले होते की -

 "Save and except matters relating to foreign powers and policies, the Nizams of Hyderabad have been independent in the internal affairs of their State just as much as the British Government in British India. With the reservation mentioned by me, the two parties have on all occassions acted with complete freedom and independence in all inter-Governmental questions that naturally arise from time to time between neighbours. Now, the Berar question is not and cannot be covered by that reservation. No foreign, power of policy is concerned or involved in its examinations and thus, the subject comes to be a controversy between the two Goverments that stand on the same plane without any limitations of subordination of one to the other."

 निझामाच्या या पत्रातील भूमिकेतील वाक्य न् वाक्य नव्हे शब्द न शब्द स्वतःच्या स्वातंत्र्याचा उद्घोष करणारा आहे. ती ब्रिटिशांना मान्य होणे शक्य नव्हते. पण ही भूमिका मांडण्याची हिंमत निझामाने १९११ ला दाखविली, १९२६ ला दाखविली व हीच भूमिका अधिक विस्तारून १९४६ ला स्वतंत्र भारत सरकारसमोर आली. इंग्रज सरकारच्या वतीने लॉर्ड रीडिंग यांनी त्या वेळी निझामाला उत्तर देताना लिहिले होते.

 "The Sovereignty of the British Crown is supreme in India, and therefore no Ruler of an Indian State can justifiably claim to negotiate with the British Government on an equal footing. Its supremacy is not based only upon treaties and engagements, but exists independently of them and, quite apart from its prerogative in matters relating to foreign powers and policies, it is the right and duty of the British Government while scrupulosly respect all treaties and engagements with the Indian States, to preserve peace and good order throughout India. The consequences that follow are so well known, and so clearly apply no less to your Exalted Highness that to other Rulers, that it seems hardly necessary to point them out. But if illustrations are necessary. I would remind Your Exalted Highness that the Ruler of Hyderabad along with other Rulers received in 1862 a Sanad declaratory of the British Government subject to continued loyalty to the Crown; that no succession in the Masnad of Hyderabad is valid unless it is recognised .